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Topic-icon 新手报到帖,做好了被拍的准备

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2011-08-04 18:23 - 2011-08-04 18:23 #31 SoftaAngel
Replied by SoftaAngel on topic Re:新手报到帖,做好了被拍的准备
最高法院的rules有瑕疵/不完整囉?

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2011-08-04 18:31 - 2011-08-04 18:31 #32 SoftaAngel
Replied by SoftaAngel on topic Re:新手报到帖,做好了被拍的准备
不到場聽審的法官, 也可以參與投票嗎?

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2011-08-04 18:36 - 2011-08-04 18:36 #33 Fanyigongbing
Replied by Fanyigongbing on topic Re: Re:新手报到帖,做好了被拍的准备

最高法院的rules有瑕疵/不完整囉?


我没看出有什么问题,这里quorum指的是到法院坐下来听,不到场的可以看案卷笔录,也可以听出席法官的游说,但要投票。运行了两百年的东西,没有这么容易挑毛病的。
有空可以找找以前的判决看看有几个不是九人判的,当然回避或因故缺席的除外。

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2011-08-04 19:20 - 2011-08-04 19:20 #34 Fanyigongbing
Replied by Fanyigongbing on topic Re:新手报到帖,做好了被拍的准备
关于不听案能否书面审的问题,

www.civilrights.org/judiciary/courts/supreme.html


The justices decide which cases they will hear, about 80 each year. They decide another 50 without hearing arguments. The cases they choose usually address constitutional issues or federal law.

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2011-08-04 19:35 - 2011-08-04 19:35 #35 Fanyigongbing
Replied by Fanyigongbing on topic Re: Re:新手报到帖,做好了被拍的准备

Rule 4. Sessions and Quorum 1. Open sessions of the Court are held beginning at 10 a.m. on the first Monday in October of each year, and thereafter as announced by the Court. Unless it orders otherwise, the Court sits to hear arguments from 10 a.m. until noon and from 1 p.m. until 3 p.m. 2. Six Members of the Court constitute a quorum. See 28 U. S. C. § 1. In the absence of a quorum on any day appointed
for holding a session of the Court, the Justices attending—
or if no Justice is present, the Clerk or a Deputy Clerk—may announce that the Court will not meet until there is a quorum. 3. When appropriate, the Court will direct the Clerk or the Marshal to announce recesses.


www.supremecourt.gov/ctrules/2010RulesoftheCourt.pdf

根據最高法院的rules, 法定人數是6個法官.

应该理解为至少6人,否则开不了庭。而不是法定6人不能多也不能少。

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2011-08-04 19:59 - 2011-08-04 19:59 #36 skylteam
Replied by skylteam on topic Re: 新手报到帖,做好了被拍的准备

....

… The video-game industry has in place a voluntary rating system designed to inform consumers about the content of games. The system, implemented by the Entertainment Software Rating Board (ESRB), assigns age-specific ratings to each video game submitted: EC (Early Childhood); E (Everyone); E10+ (Everyone 10 and older); T (Teens); M (17 and older); and AO (Adults Only—18 and older). …  This system does much to ensure that minors cannot purchase seriously violent games on their own , and that parents who care about the matter can readily evaluate the games their children bring home. Filling the remaining modest gap in concerned-parents’ control can hardly be a compelling state interest. 

…电玩业界已有一套自愿评级系统,用于告知消费者游戏内容。这套由娱乐软件评级委员会实施的系统对提交的游戏作出以下评定:EC幼儿;E全年龄段;E10+十岁及以上;T青少年;M十七岁及以上;AO成人18禁。
…这套系统大体上能保证未成年人不能获得过分暴力的游戏,关心小孩成长的家长也可以很方便地通过这套系统判断游戏内容。填补余下的小漏洞不能说是州政府的迫切利益。

     ...

硬伤不少的"译文"。这套系统大体上能保证未成年人不能on their own获得过分暴力的游戏; 不能保证未成年人经由“假x师”获得过分暴力的游戏。

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2011-08-04 20:35 - 2011-08-04 20:35 #37 Fanyigongbing
Replied by Fanyigongbing on topic Re:新手报到帖,做好了被拍的准备
果然是文人相轻,说话就不能客气点。不过,打脸才有提高,俺忍了。
现在发现我的毛病是翻得太懒,很多不影响大意的枝节能删则删,原来行里的规矩是逐字敲打,这个我以后要改。

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2011-08-04 20:57 - 2011-08-04 20:57 #38 skylteam

…The most basic of those principles is this: “[A]s a general matter, … government has no power to restrict expression because of its message, its ideas, its subject matter, or its content.” Ashcroft v. American Civil Liberties Union , 535 U. S. 564, 573 (2002) (internal quotation marks omitted). There are of course exceptions. “ ‘From 1791 to the present,’ … the First Amendment has ‘permitted restrictions upon the content of speech in a few limited areas,’ and has never ‘include[d] a freedom to disregard these traditional limitations.’ ” United States v. Stevens , 559 U. S. ___, ___ (2010) (slip op., at 5) (quoting R. A. V. v. St. Paul , 505 U. S. 377, 382–383 (1992) ). These limited areas—such as obscenity, Roth v. United States , 354 U. S. 476, 483 (1957) , incitement, Brandenburg v. Ohio , 395 U. S. 444, 447–449 (1969) (per curiam) , and fighting words, Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire , 315 U. S. 568 , 572 (1942)—represent “well-defined and narrowly limited classes of speech, the prevention and punishment of which have never been thought to raise any Constitutional problem,” id. , at 571–572.

…最基本的原则为:"一般而言,政府不能 因为言论的信息、思想、议题或内容而对其作出限制。"当然,这一原则也有例外,"从1791年至今,第一修正案允许在几个领域内对言论的内容作出限制,但不得在这些传统领域之外随意设限。"(援引2010年《美国诉Stevens》一案)这些有限的领域——如龌龊言论,见Roth v. United States , 354 U. S. 476, 483 (1957)一案;教唆,见Brandenburg v. Ohio , 395 U. S. 444, 447–449 (1969);挑衅性的辱骂,见Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire , 315 U. S. 568 , 572 (1942)——代表了明确的、极其有限的几类言论,对它们的惩处从来没有让人产生是否违宪的疑问。

政府无权 和政府不能 的权限差的可是十万八千里!

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2011-08-04 21:03 - 2011-08-04 21:03 #39 Fanyigongbing
Replied by Fanyigongbing on topic Re:新手报到帖,做好了被拍的准备
烦您解释无权限制、不能限制、不得限制、不可限制之前的十万八千里

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2011-08-05 03:37 - 2011-08-05 03:37 #40 SoftaAngel
Replied by SoftaAngel on topic Re:新手报到帖,做好了被拍的准备
quorum還用勞駕你解釋嗎?

法定人數=法定最低人數, 這應該是約定俗成的用法吧. 譬如說開會法定人數是應出席人數的1/2或2/3或3/4, 投票可能另有法定人數, 不足這個人數無法投票或投票無效.

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